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Energy and Ecology
ArticleName New ways to generate electricity using steam evaporative cooling systems for high-temperature iron and steel plants
DOI 10.17580/chm.2022.04.10
ArticleAuthor V. S. Dubinin, T. A. Stepanova, S. O. Shkarupa, V. P. Krupsky

National Research University "Moscow Power Engineering Institute", Russia, Moscow:

V. S. Dubinin, Cand. Eng., Associate Professor, e-mail:
T. A. Stepanova, Cand. Eng., Head of the Dept.


Moscow State Regional Technological University, Korolev, Russia:
S. O. Shkarupa, Head of Laboratory


Ekokuber Ltd., Minsk region, village Leskovka, Republic of Belarus:
V. P. Krupsky, Chief Designer, e-mail:


Currently, the thermal energy of steam generated by evaporative cooling systems of high-temperature ferrous metallurgy units is used practically only for space heating and hot water supply. This ineffective use occurs because evaporative cooling systems generate steam with a steam content of 0.9 at best and often just a steam-water mixture. As a result, it cannot be used for the operation of steam turbines, and in the case of a steam-water mixture, for the operation of classic steam engines and conventional steampiston engines, which are high-speed single-expansion steam engines. This article will discuss the possibility of using a steam-piston engine to generate electricity from steam generated by evaporative cooling systems. In contrast to the classic reciprocating steam engines, the steam-piston engines have a relatively high rotational speed. As a result, they are smaller and can be connected directly to modern power generators with a 1500 rpm speed. Furthermore, such engines can be manufactured by converting serial internal combustion engines, which significantly reduces their cost and provides a short payback period for such equipment. The first option is to use steam-piston engines to operate on steam with a steam content of 0.9; in this operating mode, steam-piston engines have relatively high efficiency for steam parameters generated by evaporative cooling systems. However, this option requires the use of a steam separator. The second option involves using unique steam-piston engines that can operate on a steam-water mixture and even on overheated water. These engines can use a steam-water mixture directly from evaporative cooling systems without separation, but in this case, efficiency is considerably lower.

keywords Evaporative cooling systems, ferrous metallurgy, high-temperature plants, ferrous metallurgy, reciprocating steam engine, steam-piston engine, steam-water mixture

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