Journals →  Eurasian Mining →  2021 →  #2 →  Back

ArticleName Geodynamic interpretation of modern geodynamic Movements in the southern part of the Yenisei Ridge (in application to the problems of underground isolation of radioactive waste)
DOI 10.17580/em.2021.02.02
ArticleAuthor Gvishiani A. D., Tatarinov V. N., Manevich A. I., Kaftan V. I.

Geophysical Center RAS, Moscow, Russia1 ; The Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth RAS, Moscow, Russia2:

Gvishiani A. D.1,2, Chief Scientist of Geophysical Center RAS, Head of the Department, Academician of RAS, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Tatarinov V. N.1,2, Chief Researcher, Head of Laboratory, Chief Researcher, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


Geophysical Center RAS, Moscow, Russia1 ; Mining Institute of NUST «MISiS», Moscow, Russia3:
Manevich A. I.1,3, Researcher, Post-Graduate Student,


Geophysical Center RAS, Moscow, Russia:

Kaftan V. I., Chief Researcher, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


The results of geodynamic interpretation of the results of GNSS observations of presentday movements and modeling of the stress-strain state of the upper part of the Earth’s crust in the area of the construction of an underground research laboratory to substantiate the safety of disposal of high-level long-lived radioactive waste in granite-gneiss rocks of the Nizhne-Kansk massif are presented. The kinematic model of the area made it possible to assess the directions of block movements of large structural blocks. The greatest movement gradients were noted in the west, between the underground research laboratory site and the contact between the Siberian Platform and the West Siberian Plate along the Atamanovsky Fault. Local zones of stress concentration have been identified, in which destruction of the rock mass in the near-contour zone of underground workings is most likely. Analysis of models and results of GNSS observations showed that the structural-tectonic block, in which the construction of the underground research laboratory is planned, is in relatively calm geodynamic conditions. Present-day movements determine the regime of sublatitudinal compression in azimuth close to 100–1100 at the underground research laboratory construction site. A systematic analysis of geological and geophysical data made it possible to obtain new knowledge about the kinematics and stress-strain state of the rock mass in the southern part of the Yenisei Ridge, necessary to ensure the geoecological safety of isolation of high-level radioactive waste in the granite-gneiss rocks of the Nizhne-Kansk massif.

This work was funded by the Russian Science Foundation (project No. 18-17-00241).

keywords Geodynamics, present-day crustal movements, GNSS, zoning, radioactive waste, Yenisei Ridge

1. Dorofeev A. N., Bolshov L. A., Linge I. I., Utkin S. S., Saveleva E. A. Strategic master plan for R&D demonstrating the safety of construction, operation and closure of a deep geological disposal facility for radioactive waste. Radioaktivnye otkhody. 2017. No. 1. pp. 33–42.
2. Abalkina I. L., Bolshov L. A., Kapyrin I. V., Linge I. I., Saveleva E. A. et al. Radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel deep geological disposal long-term safety assessment for 10 000 years and over: methodology and the current state. Preprint IBRAE-2019-03. Moscow : Nuclear Safety Institute, 2019. 40 p.
3. Tsebakovskaya N. S., Utkin S. S., Kapyrin I. V. Н. et al. Review of foreign practices of SNF and RW disposal. Eds. by I. I. Linge, Yu. D. Polyakov. Moscow : Komtekhprint, 2015. 208 p.
4. Laverov N. P., Velichkin V. I., Kochkin B. T., Malkovsky V. I., Petrov V. A. et al. Safety assessment concept for repositories of spent nuclear materials in crystalline rocks. Geoecologiya. 2010. No. 3. pp. 195–206.
5. Melnikov N. N., Konukhin V. P., Naumov V. A., Gusak S. A. Research substantiation of constructive-layout solutions of underground storehouse for spent nuclear fuel. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2010. No. 9. pp. 55–57.
6. Results of Monitoring at Olkiluoto in 2017. Rock Mechanics. Working Report 2018-27. Posiva OY. June 2018. 126 p.
7. Haapalehto S., Malm M., Kaisko O., Saaranen V. Results of monitoring at Olkiluoto in 2017. Rock mechanics. Finland : Posiva OY, Eurajoki, 2018. 126 p.
8. Nesmeyanov S. A. Engineering geotectonics. Moscow : Nauka, 2004. 780 p.
9. Anderson E. B. et al. Underground isolation of radioactive waste. Moscow : Gornaya kniga, 2011. 592 p.

10. Bachmanov D. M., Kozhurin A. I., Trifonov V. G. The active faults of Eurasia database. Geodynamics & Tectonophysics. 2017. Vol. 8(4). p. 711–736.
11. Lobatskaya R. M. Neotectonic fault-block structure of junction of Siberian Platform and West Siberian Plate. Geologiya i Geofizika. 2005. Vol. 46(2). p. 141–150.
12. Gvishiani A. D., Tatarinov V. N., Kaftan V. I., Manevich A. I., Dzeboev B. A., Losev I. V. The velocities of modern horizontal movements of Earth crust in the South sector of Yenisei Ridge according to GNSS observations. Doklady Earth Sciences. 2020. Vol. 493(1). p. 73–77. DOI: 10.1134/S1028334X20070077
13. Tatarinov V. N., Morozov V. N., Kaftan A. I., Manevich A. I. Modern geodynamics of the southern of the Yenisei Ridge derived from the results of satellite observations. Geophizicheskie issledovaniya. 2018. Vol. 19(4). pp. 64–79.
14. Manevich A. I., Tatarinov V. N., Kolikov K. S. Detection of crustal deformation anomalies with regard to spatial scale effect. Eurasian Mining. 2019. No. 2. pp. 19–22. DOI: 10.17580/em.2019.02.04
15. Wright T. J., Lou Y., Zhang R., Zhang W., Shi C., Huang J., Na Wei. Crustal Deformation in the India-Eurasia Collision Zone From 25 Years of GPS Measurements. 2017. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 2017. Vol. 122. pp. 9290–9312.
16. Roštínský P., Pospíšil L., Švábenský O., Kašing M., Nováková E. Risk faults in stable crust of the eastern Bohemian Massif identified by integrating GNSS, levelling, geological, geomorphological and geophysical data. Tectonophysics. 2020. Vol. 785. 228427.
17. Vernikovsky V. A., Metelkin D. V., Vernikovskaya A. E., Matushkin N. Y., Kadilnikov P. I. et al. Neoproterozoic tectonic structure of the Yenisei ridge and formation of the western margin of the Siberian craton based on new geological, paleomagnetic, and geochronological data. Russian Geology and Geophysics. 2016. Vol. 57(1). pp. 47–68.
18. Kuzmin Y. O. Recent geodynamics of dangerous faults. Izvestiya. Physics of the Solid Earth. 2016. Vol. 52, No. 5. pp. 709–722.
19. Morozov V. N., Tatarinov V. N., Manevich A. I., Losev I. V. Analogy method to determine the stress-strain state of structuraltectonic blocks of the Earth’s crust for the disposal of radioactive waste. Russian Journal of Earth Sciences. 2019. Vol. 19. DOI: 10.2205/2019ES000687

Full content Geodynamic interpretation of modern geodynamic Movements in the southern part of the Yenisei Ridge (in application to the problems of underground isolation of radioactive waste)