Journals →  Eurasian Mining →  2016 →  #2 →  Back

ArticleName Risk of hydrothermal eruption in the course of development of high-grade geothermal groundwater reservoirs
DOI 10.17580/em.2016.02.12
ArticleAuthor Shulyupin A. N., Konstantinov A. V., Tereshkin A. A.

Institute of Mining, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences:

Shulyupin A. N., Doctor of Engineering Sciences,
Konstantinov A. V., Post-Graduate Student
Tereshkin A. A., Post-Graduate Student


Under analysis is hydrothermal eruption as a hazardous geological phenomenon occurring in the course of development of highgrade geothermal hot water deposits. The review of the foreign literature reveals numerous events connected with this phenomenon, including catastrophes. In Russian literature, this phenomenon has never been an issue. This article addresses one of the hydrothermal eruption mechanisms associated with the pressure decline in a hydrothermal water reservoir in the course of development. The pressure drawdown leads to formation of steam caps at the top of which the pressure can grow and exceed the lithostatic pressure. This mechanism is accompanied by activation of natural springs. The hydrothermal eruption in Pauzhetskoe field of hot hydrothermal springs (Kamchatka) in 1986–1987 is described in the article. It is highlighted that activation of natural springs and expansion of the area of two-phase inflow in production wells in Pauzhetskoe field in recent years is the evidence of formation of suitable conditions for a hydrothermal eruption with the phase of a steam explosion. A hydrothermal eruption and a rock burst are similar in terms of premonitory symptoms characterizing stress state of surrounding rock mass. This similarity allows recommending the elaborated procedure-and-instrument package of rockburst hazard monitoring and prediction for monitoring and short-term prediction of hydrothermal eruptions. The authors prove it necessary to design and introduce a hydrothermal eruption monitoring and prediction system with a view to enhancing safety of development of high-grade geothermal water resources. Furthermore, it is suggested to turn to research aimed at technologies for prevention of the hazardous geothermal eruption phenomenon, considering specific features of a groundwater reservoir.

The study has been supported by the Russian Science Foundation, Project No. 16-17-00018.

keywords Hydrothermal eruption, steam and hydrothermal springs, development, geothermal reservoir, fluid, bubble-point pressure, steam cap, lithostatic pressure, explosion

1. Bertani R. Geothermal power generation in the world 2010–2014 update report. Geothermics. 2016. Vol. 60. pp. 31–43. doi: 10.1016/j.geothermics.2015.11.003
2. Lund J. W., Boyd T. L. Direct utilization of geothermal energy 2015 worldwide review. Geothermics. 2016. Vol. 60. pp. 66–93. doi: 10.1016/j.geothermics.2015.11.004
3. Shulyupin A. N. Problemy razrabotki parogidrotermalnykh mestorozhdeniy Kamchatki (Problems of development of geothermal steam-water fields in Kamchatka). Gornyi Zhurnal = Mining Journal. 2015. No. 5. pp. 53–57. doi: 10.17580/gzh.2015.05.11
4. Kolesnikov D. V., Lyubin A. A., Shulyupin A. N. Problemy ekspluatatsii GeoES Kamchatki (Problems of geothermal resources use in Kamchatka). Elektricheskie stantsii = Power Technology and Engineering. 2015. No. 4. pp. 16–19. doi: 10.1007/s10749-015-0601-7
5. Rouwet D., Sandri L., Marzocchi W., Gottsmann J., Selva J., Tonini R., Papale P. Recognizing and tracking volcanic hazards related to non-magmatic unrest: a review. Journal of Applied Volcanology. 2014. No. 3:17. pp. 1–17. doi: 10.1186/s13617-014-0017-3
6. Hurwitz S., Lowenstern J. B. Dynamics of the Yellowstone hydrothermal system. Reviews of Geophysics. 2014. Vol. 52, No. 3. pp. 375–411. doi : 10.1002/2014RG000452
7. Handal S. Hydrothermal eruptions in ElSalvador: a review. Geological Society of America. Special Paper. 2004. Vol. 375. pp. 245–255. doi: 10.1130/0-8137-2375-2.245
8. Brown P. R. L., Lawless J. L. Characteristics of hydrothermal eruptions, with examples from New Zealand and elsewhere. Earth-Science Reviews. 2001. Vol. 52. pp. 299–331. doi: 10.1016/S0012-8252(00)00030-1
9. Kiryukhin A. V., Rychkova T. V., Dubrovskaya I. K. Formation of the hydrothermal system in Geysers Valley (Kronotsky Nature Reserve, Kamchatka) and triggers of the Giant Landslide. Applied Geochemistry. 2012. Vol. 27. pp. 1753–1766. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2012.02.011

10. Lawless J. L., Brown P. R. L. Hydrothermal eruptions: mechanisms and implications for prediction. Proceedings 23th New Zealand Geothermal Workshop. 2001. pp. 51–56.
11. Bixley P. F., Browne P. R. L. Hydrothermal eruption potential in geothermal development. Proceedings 10th New Zealand Geothermal Workshop. 1988. pp. 195–198.
12. Asaulova N. P., Vorozheykina L. A., Manukhin Yu. F., Obora N. V. Rezultaty mnogoletney ekspluatatsii Pauzhetskogo geotermalnogo mestorozhdeniya (The results of many years of exploitation of the Pauzjetska geothermal field). Gornyy vestnik Kamchatki = Mining journal of Kamchatka. 2009. No. 2(8). pp. 47–56.
13. Shulyupin A. N., Chermoshentseva A. A. Otsenka izmeneniya usloviy v termovodonosnom komplekse Pauzhetskogo mestorozhdeniya parogidroterm (Evaluation of changes in thermal and water-bearing complex of Pauzhetski deposit of steam hydrotherms). Izvestiya vuzov. Gornyy zhurnal = News of the Higher institutions. Mining Journal. 2014. No. 4. pp. 82–88.
14. Akasaka C., Takizawa K., Todaka N., Iwasaki O., Tezuka S., Nakanishi S., Shimizu I., Kumazaki N. Restoration from a Large Scale Steam Explosion at the Well Site of the Onikobe Geothermal Power Station. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress. 2015. No. 06032. pp. 1–8.
15. Rasskazov I. Yu. Kontrol i upravlenie gornym davleniem na rudnikakh Dalnevostochnogo regiona (Control and management of rock pressure on Far-Eastern region mines). Moscow : Gornaya kniga, 2008. 329 p.
16. Saksin B. G., Rasskazov I. Yu., Shevchenko B. F. Printsipy kompleksnogo izucheniya sovremennogo napryazhennodeformirovannogo sostoyaniya verkhnikh urovney zemnoy kory amurskoy litosfernoy plity (Principles of integrated analysis of modern stresses and strains in the outer crust of the amurian plate). Fiziko-Tekhnicheskie Problemy Razrabotki Poleznykh Iskopaemykh = Journal of Mining Science. 2015. No. 2. pp. 53–65. doi: 10.1134/S1062739115020052
17. Basmanov O.L., Kiryukhin A.V., Maguskin M.A., Dvigalo V.N., Rutkvist D. Termogidrogeomekhanicheskoe modelirovanie vertikalnykh deformatsiy zemnoy poverkhnosti pri ekspluatatsii Mutnovskogo geotermalnogo mestorozhdeniya (Thermo-hydrogeomechanical modeling of vertical ground deformation during the operation of the Mutnovskii Geothermal Field). Vulkanologiya i seysmologiya = Journal of Volcanology and Seismology. 2016. No. 2. pp. 70–82. doi: 10.7868/S0203030616020036

Full content Risk of hydrothermal eruption in the course of development of high-grade geothermal groundwater reservoirs