Journals →  Eurasian Mining →  2016 →  #2 →  Back

ArticleName Deep conversion and metal content of Russian coals
DOI 10.17580/em.2016.02.07
ArticleAuthor Bazhin V. Yu., Beloglazov I. I., Feshchenko R. Yu.

Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation:

Bazhin V. Yu., Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Professor, Head of the Technology and Production Automation Chair,
Beloglazov I. I., Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor at the Technology and Production Automation Chair
Feshchenko R. Yu., Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Assistant at the Technology and Production Automation Chair


In today's fuel, energy and metallurgical complex coal is used as an energy source, as well as coke for steel products. During unstable economic situation, the coal becomes the main source of organic raw materials to many industries, especially in the reduction of production and reserves of oil and gas.Coal processing using an integrated approach opens up new opportunities for the coal industry, and new technologies require significant development, technical and economic assessment and broad implementation. In this paper, we discuss the problem with the deep coal processing of Russian industry, solid fuel gasification and producing of synthetic fuel. The article describes the features of the modern coke production, as well as problems of extraction of rare earth and noble metals from waste coal and coal products.Since the 60s the world of deep coal processing technology continues to evolve and improve. Plants of industrial processing of coal were built and successfully work in South Africa, New Zealand, USA, China. With regard to Russia, despite the huge reserves of coal, chemical processing technology has not yet received the same development as in industrialized countries, primarily because of the lack of proper project financing. The paper shows that there are all the technological and economic preconditions for improving the quality of extracted coal, including in the production and deep processing of low-grade and off-grade solid fuels for disposal of solid waste from coal mining and coal processing with simultaneous extraction of some metals. According to some experts, in the coming years, the demand for coal is significantly larger view and possibly coal will be the driving force of the world economy.In particular, European experts believe that the global electricity market is on the verge of transition from gas to coal as the preferred fuel for power plants.This trend is reflected in the Energy Strategy of Russia. Emphasis is placed on the need to harmonize the fuel and energy balance of the country through active development of the coal industry to ensure energy security of the country.

keywords Coal, ash,metal content, deep coal processing, benefication, coke, gasification, rare metals, synthetic fuels

1. Yudovich Ya. E., Ketris M. P. Neorganicheskoe veshchestvo ugley (Inorganic substance of coals). Ekaterinburg: Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2002. 422 p.
2. Bell D., Towler B. Coal Gasification and Its Applications. Elsevier Inc., 2011. 399 p.
3. Gräbner M., Meyer B. Performance and exergy analysis of the current developments in coal gasification technology. Fuel. 2014. Vol. 116. pp. 910–920. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.02.045.
4. Richter A., Seifert P., Compart F., Tischer P., Meyer B. A largescale benchmark for the CFD modeling of non-catalytic reforming of natural gas based on the Freiberg test plant HP POX. Fuel. 2015. Vol. 152. pp. 110–121.
5. Yudovich Ya. E., Ketris M. P. Tsennye elementy-primesi v uglyakh (Valuable elements-impurities in coals). Ekaterinburg: Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2006. 538 p.
6. Seredin V. V., Dai S. Coal deposits as potential alternative sources for lanthanides and yttrium. International Journal of Coal Geology. 2012. Vol. 94. pp. 67–93.
7. S. I. Arbuzov, B. V. Ershov, A. A. Potseluev, L. P. Rikhvanov. Redkie elementy v uglyakh Kuznetskogo basseyna (Rare elements in Kuznetsk basin coals). Kemerovo, 2000. 248 p.
8. Laugwitz A., Meyer B. New frontiers and challenges in gasification technologies. Gasification processes — modeling and simulation. Nikrityuk P., Meyer B. Wiley-VCH, 2014. 156 р.
9. A. N. Telyakov, V. Yu. Bazhin, A. A. Pyaterneva, V. V. Sergeev. Obrabotka ugley razlichnykh mestorozhdeniy pered ispolzovaniem v vodougolnykh smesyakh (Coal processing of different deposits before using it in coal-water mixtures). Mezhdunarodnyy nauchno-issledovatelskiy zhurnal = Intenrnational Research Journal. 2015. No. 7 (38), Part 2. pp. 62–65.
10. N. Holt. Coal-based IGCC plants — Recent operating experience and lessons learned. Gasification Technologies Conference. Washington, DC, 2004. pp. 234–239.
11. Muradov N., Gujar A., Baik J., T-Raissi A. Production of Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons via oxygen-blown gasification of charred pinewood pellets. Fuel Processing Technology. 2015. Vol. 140. pp. 236–244.
12. Matkovskiy P. E., Sedov I. V., Savchenko V. I., Yarullin R. S. Tekhnologii polucheniya i pererabotki sintez-gaza (Technology of obtaining and processing of synthesis-gas). Gazokhimiya = Gas-chemistry. 2011. No. 3–4. pp. 77–84.
13. Uebel K., Guenther U., Hannemann F., Schiffers U., Yilmaz H., Meyer B. Development and engineering of a synthetic gas cooler concept integrated in a Siemens gasifier design. Fuel. 2014. Vol. 116. pp. 879–888. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.03.020
14. Beloglazov I. I., Sharikov Yu. V. Obzhig metallurgicheskikh kontsentratov v pechakh kipyashchego sloya (Annealing of metallurgical concentrates in boiling layer furnaces). Lambert Academic Publishing, 2014. 155 p.
15. S. A. Vorobev, N. M. Kachurin. Zarubezhnyy opyt issledovaniya problem kompleksnogo osvoeniya ugolnykh mestorozhdeniy podzemnym sposobom (International experience of studies into integrated coal mining with underground method). Gornyi Zhurnal = Mining Journal. 2016. No. 5. pp. 23–29. doi: 10.17580/gzh.2016.05.11
16. Arena U. Fluidized bed gasification Fluidized Bed Technologies for Near-Zero Emission Combustion and Gasification. 2013. pp. 765–812.
17. Nikrityuk P. A., Meyer B. Gasification Processes: Modeling and Simulation. Wiley Blackwell, 2014. 334 р.
18. Tkachev Yu. A., Yudovich Ya. E. Statisticheskaya obrabotka geokhimicheskikh dannykh. Metody i problemy (Statistical processing of geochemical data. Methods and problems). Leningrad : Nauka, 1975. 233 p.
19. C. I. Arbuzov, V. V. Ershov, L. P. Rikhvanov et al. Redkometallnyy potentsial ugley Minusinskogo basseyna (Rare-metal potential of Minusinsky basin coals). Novosibirsk: Publishing house of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Subsidiary «GEO», 2003. 300 p.
20. S. I. Arbuzov, B. V. Ershov, A. A. Potseluev, L. P. Rikhvanov. Redkie elementy v uglyakh Kuznetskogo basseyna (Rare elements in Kuznetsk basin coals). Kemerovo, 2000. 248 p.
21. Seredin V. V. Osnovnye tipy metallonosnykh ugley i perspektivy ikh promyshlennogo osvoeniya (Basic types of metal-bearing coals and prospects of their industrial mastering). Blagorodnye i redkie metally: Trudy Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii «BRM-2003» (Donetsk, 22–26 sentyabrya 2003 goda) (Noble and rare metals: Proceedings of International conference «BRM-2003» (Donetsk, 22–26 September 2003)). Donetsk, 2003. pp. 109–111.
22. Seredin V. V. Metallonosnost ugley: usloviya formirovaniya i perspektivy osvoeniya (Metal-bearing capacity of coals: formation conditions and mastering prospects). Ugolnaya baza Rossii. Tom VI (Svodnyy, zaklyuchitelnyy). Osnovnye zakonomernosti ugleobrazovaniya i razmeshcheniya uglenosnosti na territorii Rossii (Russian coal base. Volume VI (conclusion). Basic regularities of coal-formation and placing of coal-bearing capacity on the territory of Russia). Moscow : JSC «Geoinformmark», 2004. pp. 453–518.
23. Kuzmina T. I. Ekonomicheskaya otsenka i effektivnost napravleniy ispolzovaniya tverdykh ugolnykh otkhodov (Economic assessment and efficiency of the ways of usage of solid coal wastes). Moscow : Publishing House of Moscow Region State University, 2011.
24. D. A. Loginov, S. R. Islamov. Razvitie kombinirovannoy tekhnologii pererabotki uglya v kipyashchem sloe (Development of combined technology of coal processing in boiling layer). Promyshlennaya energetika = Industrial energy. 2011. No. 3. pp. 12–15.
25. Bakulin Yu. I., Cherepanov A. A. Zoloto i platina v zoloshlakovykh otkhodakh TETs goroda Khabarovska (Gold and platinum in gold-slag wastes of Khabarvsk heat electropower stations). Rudy i metally = Ores and Metals. 2003. No. 1. pp. 60–67.

Full content Deep conversion and metal content of Russian coals